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Q51. - (Topic 2) 

Refer to Exhibit: 

The internetwork infrastructure of company XYZ consists of a single OSPF area as shown in the graphic. There is concern that a lack of router resources is impeding internetwork performance. As part of examining the router resources, the OSPF DRs need to be known. All the router OSPF priorities are at the default and the router IDs are shown with each router. Which routers are likely to have been elected as DR? (Choose two.) 

A. Corp-1 

B. Corp-2 

C. Corp-3 

D. Corp-4 

E. Branch-1 

F. Branch-2 

Answer: D,F 

Explanation: There are 2 segments on the topology above which are separated by Corp-3 router. Each segment will have a DR so we have 2 DRs. 

To select which router will become DR they will compare their router-IDs. The router with highest (best) router-ID will become DR. The router-ID is chosen in the order below: 

The highest IP address assigned to a loopback (logical) interface. 

If a loopback interface is not defined, the highest IP address of all active router’s physical interfaces will be chosen. 

In this question, the IP addresses of loopback interfaces are not mentioned so we will consider IP addresses of all active router’s physical interfaces. Router Corp-4 (10.1.40.40) 

& Branch-2 (10.2.20.20) have highest “active” IP addresses so they will become DRs. 


Q52. - (Topic 2) 

Which command is used to display the collection of OSPF link states? 

A. show ip ospf link-state 

B. show ip ospf lsa database 

C. show ip ospf neighbors 

D. show ip ospf database 

Answer:

Explanation: 

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/iproute_ospf/command/reference/iro_osp3.html#wp1 01217 Examples The following is sample output from the show ip ospf database command when no arguments or keywords are used: Router# show ip ospf database OSPF Router with id(192.168.239.66) (Process ID 300) 


Q53. - (Topic 3) 

The command show frame-relay map gives the following output: 

Serial 0 (up): ip 192.168.151.4 dlci 122, dynamic, broadcast, status defined, active 

Which statements represent what is shown?(Choose three.) 

A. 192.168.151.4 represents the IP address of the remote router 

B. 192.168.151.4 represents the IP address of the local serial interface 

C. DLCI 122 represents the interface of the remote serial interface 

D. DLCI 122 represents the local number used to connect to the remote address 

E. broadcast indicates that a dynamic routing protocol such as RIP v1 can send packets across this PVC 

F. active indicates that the ARP process is working 

Answer: A,D,E 

Explanation: 

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/wan/command/reference/wrffr4.html#wp102934 


Q54. - (Topic 2) 

Refer to the exhibit. 

From R1, a network administrator is able to ping the serial interface of R2 but, unable to ping any of the subnets attached to RouterB. Based on the partial outputs in the exhibit, what could be the problem? 

A. EIGRP does not support VLSM. 

B. The EIGRP network statements are incorrectly configured. 

C. The IP addressing on the serial interface of RouterA is incorrect. 

D. The routing protocol has summarized on the classful boundary. 

E. EIGRP has been configured with an invalid autonomous system number. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

CCNA - EIGRP Common Question Reference: 

http://www.orbitco-ccna-pastquestions.com/CCNA---EIGRP-Common-Question.php 

Explanation: 

If you look carefully at the R2 ip route, you will discover that the R2 does not learn any network from R1; this is because the routing protocol used here (EIGRP) performs auto summary when advertising routes to peers across a network. So in this case the address 172.17.0.0/16 is a summarized address. If the router was configured with no auto summary command, R2 LAN addresses would have been advertised and reached. 


Q55. - (Topic 2) 

A router is running three routing processes: RIP, OSPF, and EIGRP, each configured with default characteristics. Each process learns a route to the same remote network. 

If there are no static routes to the destination and none of the routes were redistributed, which route will be placed in the IP routing table? 

A. the route learned through EIGRP 

B. the route learned through OSPF 

C. the route learned through RIP 

D. the route with the lowest metric 

E. all three routes with the router load balancing 

Answer:

Reference: 

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk365/technologies_tech_note09186a0080094195.shtml 

Administrative distance is the feature that routers use in order to select the best path. 

Administrative distance defines the reliability of a routing protocol. Each routing protocol is prioritized in order of most to least reliable (believable) with the help of an administrative distance value. Lowest Administrative distance will be chosen first. 


Rebirth 200-105 practice exam:

Q56. - (Topic 1) 

Refer to the exhibit. 

Each of these four switches has been configured with a hostname, as well as being configured to run RSTP. No other configuration changes have been made. Which three of these show the correct RSTP port roles for the indicated switches and interfaces? (Choose three.) 

A. SwitchA, Fa0/2, designated 

B. SwitchA, Fa0/1, root 

C. SwitchB, Gi0/2, root 

D. SwitchB, Gi0/1, designated 

E. SwitchC, Fa0/2, root 

F. SwitchD, Gi0/2, root 

Answer: A,B,F 

Explanation: 

The question says "no other configuration changes have been made" so we can 

understand these switches have the same bridge priority. SwitchC has lowest MAC 

address so, it will become root bridge and 2 of its ports (Fa0/1 & Fa0/2) will be designated 

ports (DP). Because SwitchC is the root bridge the 2 ports nearest SwitchC on SwitchA 

(Fa0/1) and SwitchD (Gi0/2) will be root ports (RP) -> B and F are correct. 

SwitchB must have a root port so which port will it choose? To answer this question we 

need to know about STP cost and port cost. 

In general, "cost" is calculated based on bandwidth of the link. The higher the bandwidth on 

a link, the lower the value of its cost. Below are the cost values you should memorize: 

Link speed Cost SwitchB will choose the interface with lower cost to the root bridge as the root port so we must calculate the cost on interface Gi0/1 & Gi0/2 of SwitchB to the root bridge. This can be calculated from the "cost to the root bridge" of each switch because a switch always advertises its cost to the root bridge in its BPDU. The receiving switch will add its local port cost value to the cost in the BPDU. SwitchC advertises its cost to the root bridge with a value of 0. Switch D adds 4 (the cost value of 1Gbps link) and advertises this value (4) to SwitchB. SwitchB adds another 4 and learns that it can reach SwitchC via Gi0/1 port with a total cost of 8. The same process happens for SwitchA and SwitchB learns that it can reach SwitchC via Gi0/2 with a total cost of 23 -> Switch B chooses Gi0/1 as its root port. Now our last task is to identify the port roles of the ports between SwitchA & SwitchB. It is rather easy as the MAC address of SwitchA is lower than that of SwitchB so Fa0/2 of SwitchA will be designated port while Gi0/2 of SwitchB will be alternative port. 


Q57. - (Topic 2) 

Which two are advantages of static routing when compared to dynamic routing? (Choose two.) 

A. Configuration complexity decreases as network size increases. 

B. Security increases because only the network administrator may change the routing table. 

C. Route summarization is computed automatically by the router. 

D. Routing tables adapt automatically to topology changes. 

E. An efficient algorithm is used to build routing tables, using automatic updates. 

F. Routing updates are automatically sent to neighbors. 

G. Routing traffic load is reduced when used in stub network links. 

Answer: B,G 

Explanation: 

When reading (or being lectured about) all the glorious details of dynamic routing protocols, it's hard not to come away with the impression that dynamic routing is always better than static routing. It's important to keep in mind that the primary duty of a dynamic routing protocol is to automatically detect and adapt to topological changes in the internetwork. The price of this "automation" is paid in bandwidth, security, and maybe queue space, in memory, and in processing time. A frequent objection to static routing is that it is hard to administer. This criticism may be true of medium to large topologies with many alternative routes, but it is certainly not true of small internetworks with few or no alternative routes. References: http://www.ciscopress.com/articles/article.asp?p=24090&seqNum=6 http://www.ciscopress.com/articles/article.asp?p=24090 


Q58. DRAG DROP - (Topic 2) 

Answer: 

Explanation: 

+ holddown timer: prevents a router from improperly reinstating a route from a regular routing update 

+ split horizon: prevents information about a route from being sent in the direction from which the route was learned 

+ defining a maximum: prevents invalid updates from looping the internetwork indefinitely 

+ route poisoning: causes a routing protocol to advertise an infinite metric for a failed route 

+ triggered update: decreases convergence time by immediately sending route information in response to a topology change 


Q59. - (Topic 1) 

Which two of these statements regarding RSTP are correct? (Choose two.) 

A. RSTP cannot operate with PVST+. 

B. RSTP defines new port roles. 

C. RSTP defines no new port states. 

D. RSTP is a proprietary implementation of IEEE 802.1D STP. 

E. RSTP is compatible with the original IEEE 802.1D STP. 

Answer: B,E 

Explanation: 

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk389/tk621/technologies_white_paper09186a0080094cf a.shtml 

Port Roles The role is now a variable assigned to a given port. The root port and designated port roles remain, while the blocking port role is split into the backup and alternate port roles. The Spanning Tree Algorithm (STA) determines the role of a port based on Bridge Protocol Data Units (BPDUs). In order to simplify matters, the thing to remember about a BPDU is there is always a method to compare any two of them and decide whether one is more useful than the other. This is based on the value stored in the BPDU and occasionally on the port on which they are received. This considered, the information in this section explains practical approaches to port roles. 

Compatibility with 802.1D RSTP is able to interoperate with legacy STP protocols. However, it is important to note that the inherent fast convergence benefits of 802.1w are lost when it interacts with legacy bridges. 


Q60. - (Topic 3) 

The output of the show frame-relay pvc command shows "PVC STATUS = INACTIVE". What does this mean? 

A. The PVC is configured correctly and is operating normally, but no data packets have been detected for more than five minutes. 

B. The PVC is configured correctly, is operating normally, and is no longer actively seeking the address of the remote router. 

C. The PVC is configured correctly, is operating normally, and is waiting for interesting traffic to trigger a call to the remote router. 

D. The PVC is configured correctly on the local switch, but there is a problem on the remote end of the PVC. 

E. The PVC is not configured on the local switch. 

Answer:

Explanation: The PVC STATUS displays the status of the PVC. The DCE device creates and sends the report to the DTE devices. There are 4 statuses: ACTIVE: the PVC is operational and can transmit dataINACTIVE: the connection from the local router to the switch is working, but the connection to the remote router is not availableDELETED: the PVC is not present and no LMI information is being received from the Frame Relay switch STATIC: the Local Management Interface (LMI) mechanism on the interface is disabled (by using the “no keepalive” command). This status is rarely seen.